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Architecture for Art and Culture in Tokyo

Dedicated to the works of Katsushika Hokusai, the new Sumida Hokusai Museum of Tokyo is monolithic and heavily rooted in its cultural context, drawing relevance to the artist’s life in the region.

Architecture for Art and Culture in Tokyo

Kazuyo Sejima, one half of Pritzker prize-winning SANAA, has completed a new museum project in Tokyo’s Sumida Ward. The Sumida Hokusai Museum celebrates the life and work of acclaimed artist Katsushika Hokusai, and also stands as a conversation between design, culture, and the local community.

A monolithic block from the outside, Kazuyo Sejima’s five-storey museum is clad with a subtle reflective façade, which has the building showing a direct connection to its immediate cultural context.

What’s striking about the design philosophy of the Hokusai Museum is the manner in which it responds to the local scene it inhabits, while still recalling the imaginative flourishes of Hokusai’s artistic style. The exterior of the building is undoubtedly an eye-catching feature of it surrounds, but inside the palette is softer, the touch more delicate.

This juxtaposing approach is seen throughout the Sumida ward. Home to the iconic Tokyo Tower, and equally striking Asahi Beer Hall, this is a suburb of Tokyo where standing out is the name of the game. Yet like Japan itself, its futurist showmanship is always kept in check with a humanist approach to design, and to life. The striking nature of the Hokusai Museum is intended to catch the eye, yes, but it’s the ethereal forms and high level of refinement of the design that will keep the eye engaged. The angular structure encompasses and reflects Hokusai’s own woodblock paintings and his interest in oblique angles, his contrasting of the near and far, the manmade and natural.

Hokusai himself spent the majority of his artistic career at home in the Sumida Ward. To best reflect this, the Hokusai Museum offers up a map on their website that lets users explore local areas of interest, further tying to the design to the local history of the ward.

Throughout the building angular cuts into the reflective façade draw in natural light, allowing the works, including the iconic Great Wave Off Kanagawa, to be seen under changing and evolving conditions. This design evolution is paired by Sejima’s choice of angular geometries, and changing staircases of the interior of the museum.

Katsushika Hokusai is arguably the most famous ukiyo-e painter in history, and was born in 1760 and spent almost the whole 90 years of his life in Tokyo’s Sumida ward. The museum’s rotating collection will include a permanent showcase that examines the relationship between the artist and the region in which he lived. This exhibition ultimately becomes an exploration of the museum itself, which too reflects the conversation between local region and creative ideas.

Photography by Vincent Hecht

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