Two talks in Melbourne and Sydney last week given by Toyo Ito gave an insight into the mind of this inspiring architect. Indesignâ€™s Penny Craswell was there.
February 25th, 2009
Toyo Ito is one of the world’s leading architects so his visit last week to Melbourne and Sydney (his first to Australia in 20 years) provided Australian architects with the chance to hear his reflections on architecture and hear him talk about his recent work first-hand.
Starting with an image of a gnarled tree, Ito began by commenting that while all trees look different, the man-made world looks the same, whether you are in New York, London, Tokyo or Shanghai.
This is the fault of the grid, he says – most architecture makes use of a simple grid structure in building, from skyscrapers to single dwellings. Ito’s mission is to depart from that grid.
Discussing his own recent work, Ito described how each of the buildings discussed was based on a distortion of this grid, via algorithms that change the angle of the lines, via rounding off the edges of the grid, or by simply starting with no grid.
In this way, Ito brings his architecture in line with nature, which is not disordered, but provides variety in order. Nature follows simple rules, like the branching of a tree, but each tree is different – it is this type of order that Ito is interested in created through a de-materialisation of the grid.
His building for fashion brand TOD’s in Omotesando, Japan mimics the trees that line the street with a branching pattern of concrete which lies flush with the glass on the façade of the building.
For his library at the Tama Art Museum, he makes use of a simple arch, using it at various different widths to create an irregular shaped building. The structure is made more complex by a ground floor that slopes on a gentle angle with the land – the second storey floor is horizontal and the roof is pitched slightly the other way to create an unusual slope within the building.
Ito says that his idea of nature in architecture is “Not just having ecological buildings but more pleasant buildings with a different kind of order.”
Ito’s latest project, an art museum for the University of California Berkeley, is of a mammoth scale, using the latest in computer technology to create a building based on walls which stretch organically from circles attached at the roof and floor.
Difficult to describe and even more difficult to build, this project is still to commence construction but will be magnificent if and when it is ever completed.
All proceeds from the Toyo Ito event went to the Bushfire Appeal and Ito himself also donated his honorarium to the cause. Toyo Ito is the latest in the AIA’s International Speaker Series.
http://www.toyo-ito.com/ (Website under construction)
Hero Image: Toyo Ito portrait. Photographer: Toyo Ito & Associates
Toyo Ito – Matsumoto Performing Arts Centre. Photographer: Hiroshi Ueda
Toyo Ito – Tama Art University Library. Photographer: Ishiguro Photographic Institute
Toyo Ito – Tama Art University Library – night view. Photographer: Ishiguro Photographic Institute
Toyo Ito – Taichung Metropolitan Opera House. Photographer: Kuramochi+Oguma
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